How to build a 1C mobile application

Alexander Biryukov

11.12.2020 9 min


In our publications, we have described how to create a mobile application using 1C. But in all previous publications, we have always described only creating an application, not compiling it. To run this application on a mobile device, we had to publish it on a web server and place a special application from 1C on the mobile device itself. The mobile application we created could already receive from the webserver. Not a very simple scheme, don't you think?

Isn't there an easier way to create a 1C mobile application? Ideally, we should get a ready-made file, a standalone application that can be installed on a mobile device. Of course, there is such a method, and we will now consider it.

The topic of today's publication is how to build a standalone mobile application for the 1C platform.

So, let's first define what we need to build the application.

Firstly, it is a distribution kit of the 1C mobile platform. We can download it from the site https://1c-dn.com:

1.png

Secondly, in addition to the platform itself, we need a special 1C configuration Mobile app builder, which, in fact, will help us build a standalone mobile application. This configuration is part of the mobile platform.

So, download the mobile platform, unpack it and go to the "MobileAppMaker" folder:

2.png

Run the "Setup" file and install the template for this program:

3.png

Then we create a new 1C working configuration from this template:

5.png

6.png
7.png

8.png

9.png

By default, the mobile builder launches with a Russian interface, but it is straightforward to configure it to English. To do this, run it in Designer mode:

10.png

And we create a user there with administrative rights and with an English interface:

11.png
  
12.png

13.png

After this initial configuration, MobileAppMaker will start with an English interface:

14.png

15.png

The next component we need to build a mobile application is the Android SDK. You can download it separately using the SDK manager utility or install the entire Android Studio. All this can be downloaded from here: https://developer.android.com/studio

I took the more straightforward route and just downloaded and installed Android Studio in its entirety.
Next, we are interested in the path where the Android SDK located. To find out, launch Android Studio and go to Settings:

16.png

We remember the directory where the Android SDK located and also enable support for the desired version of Android OS:

17.png

On the SDK Tools tab, we need to activate Google Play Licensing Library support:

18.png

And the last component that we need to build the application is the Java Development Kit. I recommend installing the JDK version 11, because if you install a more recent version of the JDK, then later on, you may encounter problems when building the application.

So, download and install the 11th version of the JDK: https://www.oracle.com/java/technologies/javase-jdk11-downloads.html

19.png
So, we have all the necessary components now to build a mobile application. 
For our test task, I propose to build some simple mobile application, for example, this one: https://1c-dn.com/blog/creating-a-mobile-app-for-stock-inventory-using-1c-enterprise-platform- /

Open this application in the Designer and upload it to a file:

20.png

21.png

Now we close the Designer with our mobile application, we won't need it anymore. Then go to the previously installed MobileAppMaker and open the menu: Tools -> Builder parameter settings:

22.png

We specify the paths to the Android SDK, to the JDK and to the directory for temporary files:

23.png

Then open the Tools -> Configure vendor parameters menu:

24.png

We will activate the "For Android" flag:

25.png

Click "Create key", fill in all the key fields:

26.png

After pressing the "Generate Key" button, the SHA1 Hash of the key is automatically filled in. Fill in the application prefix and close this form:

27.png
 
At the next step, we import the previously downloaded mobile platform into Builder:

28.png
It can take some time:

29.png
After finishing the import, click the "Save and Close" button:

30.png
Create a new group in "Mobile configurations":

31.png

Then, in the created group, create a new element "Mobile configuration" and load our "Mobile scanner" configuration, which we previously unloaded into the "1cema.zip" file:

32.png

33.png

There are just a few steps left, and we can start building the mobile application.

Create a new group in "Mobile applications". Fill in the required attributes:

34.png

Next, we fill in the application version, and also add the "Mobile configuration" group:

35.png

An essential condition - you must confirm your agreement with the licensing policy:

36.png

Now in this group, we create the element "Mobile application". If in the previous steps everything is filled in correctly, then everything is filled in automatically:

37.png

38.png

We have only a couple of steps left to reach the goal. So, we save the new element "Mobile application" by clicking the "Save" button. And right after that, we press the "Build Application" button. If everything configured correctly, then the assembly of our mobile application will begin:

39.png

The assembly process can take a long time, so be prepared to wait. As you can see from the screenshot, four versions of the application are being assembled simultaneously for different platforms and different processor bits. If no errors occur during the build process, then you will see the following form:

40.png

We have to take the last step on the way to our application. So, select the Architecture and bitness of the processor from the list for which we want to get a ready-made application, and click the "Get application..." button:

41.png

The program will offer us to save the finished .APK file:

42.png

Save the finished .APK file and close MobileAppMaker - we no longer need it. 

Now we need to put our finished application on a mobile device and test it in operation.

43.png
  So, we install our application on a mobile device, then launch it. Voila - everything works!

44.png

Well, it's time to sum up: so, we figured out what settings are needed to build a standalone mobile application on the 1C platform.

For this, we used several different components: Android SDK, Java Development Kit, a special 1C configuration for assembly. The initial setup may seem somewhat complicated to you, but all that needs to be configured only once, and in the future, you can quickly create any mobile applications on the 1C platform.

And one more small addition - this article describes the assembly of an application directly for the 1C mobile platform. But it is also possible to create a separate application for the 1C mobile client. You can find a small example of such an application here: https://1c-dn.com/blog/work-with-mobile-client-in-1c/

And stay with us - we haven't talked about all the 1C features yet!

Be the first to know tips & trick on business application development!

A confirmation e-mail has been sent to the e-mail address you provided .

Click the link in the e-mail to confirm and activate the subscription.